Mirra Alfassa (21 February 1878 – 17 November 1973), known to her followers as The Mother, was the spiritual collaborator of Sri Aurobindo. Her full name at birth was Blanche Rachel Mirra Alfassa.
She came to Sri Aurobindo’s spiritual retreat on 29 March 1914 in Pondicherry, India. Having to leave Pondicherry during World War I, she spent most of her time in Japan where she met poet Rabindranath Tagore. Finally she returned to Pondicherry and settled there in 1920. After 24 November 1926, when Aurobindo retired into seclusion, she founded her ashram (Aurobindo Ashram), with a handful of disciples. She became the spiritual guide of the community.
The experiences of the last thirty years of Alfassa’s life were captured in the 13-volume work The Agenda. In those years she attempted the physical transformation of her body in order to become what she felt was the first of a new type of human individual by opening to the Supramental Truth Consciousness, a new power of spirit that Aurobindo had allegedly discovered. Aurobindo considered her an incarnation of the Mother Divine and called her by that name: The Mother. Aurobindo wrote a book about Alfassa in which he promoted her by the name ” The Mother”.
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